Sjuttonhundratal 2011

Nordic Yearbook for Eighteenth-Century Studies


Tillägnad Marie-Christine Skuncke


DAVID DUNÉR: Inledning | 7



BJÖRN WITTROCK: 1700-talsstudier och vetenskapsutveckling: tankar om Marie-Christine Skuncke | 12

Eighteenth-century Studies and Scientific Development: Thoughts on Marie-Christine Skuncke

In the first part of the essay, three profiles of scholarly engagement are discerned. In the oeuvre of Marie-Christine Skuncke two of these types of engagement are prominent, namely those that pertain to a widening of a scholarly field and an opening up of conceptually new fields of investigation and imagination. Her career encompasses studies of literary forms of expressiveness, in particular in opera and theatre, which she links to studies of rhetoric, rules of governance and of princely upbringing . She has also rendered contributions to the study of the emergence of new public spheres. This research is characterized by an understanding that includes attention to both national, cultural, and disciplinary traditions.

In the second part, the focus is on the rationale of temporal demarcations in historical research and in particular in what sense eighteenth-century studies may constitute a scholarly field except in purely pragmatic terms. The relatively arbitrary nature of demarcations in the writing of national histories is highlighted. Analogously, a tradition among global historians is noted to emphasize economic and political transformations relative to cultural and conceptual ones. Marie-Christine Skuncke has however joined a growing number of scholars who transcend these limitations and who engage in the writing of global historical developments from a vantage point that recognizes the cultural and intellectual underpinnings of institutional transformations.


ANNA CULLHED: ”Med blod man våra åkrar sköljer”: folk och dygd i Bengt Lidners Ode
til Finske Soldaten
| 20

‘Our Fields Are Washed With Blood’: People and Virtue in Bengt Lidner’s Ode to the Finnish Soldier

Bengt Lidner’s poem ‘Ode to the Finnish Soldier’ from 1788 was written during the Swedish war with Russia. This paper argues that Lidner took part in Gustav III’s staging of the war by accusing the officers of the so-called Anjala league of treachery, and at the same time turning to ‘the people’ for support. ‘The people’ were defined as subjects of the Swedish crown from the core parts of the realm, today’s Finland and Sweden, irrespective of language or ethnicity, but sharing a common and glorious history. Lidner combines a cosmopolitan perspective with a patriotic tendency in his poem. Some of the central concepts of the ode, such as ‘citizen’ and ‘citizen-ness’, carry potentially republican and egalitarian connotations, but this tendency is counteracted by the poet’s obvious praise of the king. Lidner’s ode stands as an example of the ambivalent use of political concepts during the late eighteenth century, the very concepts that would transform into the key concepts of nineteenth-century nationalism.

STINA HANSSON: En gruvkarls lott: om upplysningstendenser i 1720- och 1750-talens
| 41

A Miner’s Lot: Some Enlightenment Tendencies in Wedding Poetry from the 1720s and 1750s

The article discusses new tendencies in eighteenth-century wedding poetry, tendencies which can briefly be described in terms of a backlash against fantastic storytelling and an orientation towards more realistic descriptions, often coupled with a deliberative rather than demonstrative rhetorical approach. The shift is demonstrated first through a broad survey of themes in Swedish wedding poetry from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and then through analyses focusing on two poems of the new kind which thematize the groom’s profession through descriptions of mining work astonishingly ‘realistic’ for the time. The main explanation for this is that there were no venerated models to follow when writing about these themes, as well as the fact that the poems were not written for public but for private use. The poems are then compared with other poems from the same mining area, but with learned themes more typical of the wedding poetry of the time. It is then concluded that Swedish poets still had a long way to go to be able to incorporate such ‘realistic’ features into the conception of what ‘poetry’ was considered to look like.

JOAN B. LANDES: Vaucanson’s Automata as Devices of Enlightenment | 50

Vaucanson’s Automata as Devices of Enlightenment.

Residing at the interstices of high and low culture, pleasure and utility, wonder and technique, Vaucanson’s automata belonged to what historian Michael R. Lynn refers to as ‘a growing web of interconnections between Enlightenment, science, and commerce in Parisian urban culture’. While the wider public attraction to automata during the eighteenth-century has been noted, it is also necessary to address the nature of this appeal, which is derived from the automata’s simulation of the workings of human and animal bodies. Vaucanson was one of a number of astonishingly brilliant eighteenth-century mechanicians, who attempted to design material bodies capable of artificially replicating life. Their ingenious machines were indeed devices of Enlightenment, that is, philosophically animated experimental objects. The aim of these devices was to approximate what contemporaries like Diderot referred to as a ‘sentient being’ with a particular spatial and dynamic organization. Over time, then, automata makers were challenged to imitate not just the body’s mechanics but also the workings of the senses, to capture emotion as well as motion.

BO LINDBERG: Opinion och revolution: Upplysning i Lund 1719 | 60

Opinion and Revolution: Enlightenment in Lund in 1719

This article examines the words revolution and opinion in an academic dissertation written in Latin and defended at the University of Lund in 1719. The dissertation reflects the meaning of these words before they became the keywords of the Enlightenment, as modern historical scholarship has come to identify them. Revolution here retains the connotation of cyclical political change, although it is noteworthy that the author of the dissertation apparently had the ongoing change of the Swedish constitution from autocracy to parliamentary rule in mind. Opinion vacillates between the dominant values of an era and unstable popular opinion. More interesting, however, are the efforts of the author to describe the relation between opinion and society. With the help of Longinus, a connection is postulated between philosophical opinions and political systems: Greek democracy fostered salutary idealist philosophy whereas autocratic monarchy begot materialism and atheism. Still more interesting are the endeavours of the author to discern different levels of ideas in society. He makes a distinction between the articulated, explicit ideas of philosophers, or scholars, and the non-discursive opinions which are not explicit but stay hidden in the consciousness (mente) of the people. The dissertation is an academic exercise written in Latin at a peripheral university in Europe. In spite of the presumed backwardness of universities, it articulates an emerging awareness of the relation between ideas and society; in fact, it can be seen to signify a beginning of an interest in the history of ideas.


KARL AXELSSON: Den (o)föränderliga naturen: smakomdöme och bildning i The Tatler, The Spectator och The Guardian i början av 1700-talet | 72

The (Un)changing Nature: Judgement of Taste and Bildung in The Tatler, The Spectator, and The Guardian in the Early Eighteenth Century

The attempt to influence public opinion on the subject of taste constitutes a primary aim in Joseph Addison’s (1672–1719) and Richard Steele’s (1672–1729)
essay-periodicals, The Tatler (1709–1711), The Spectator (1711–1712, 1714), and The Guardian (1713). Addison and Steele emphasize the need for a progressive culture of education, where human nature is continuously refined and improved, and where man is expected to cultivate his nature and his judgement of taste as part of a process of personal self-fulfilment. However, along with such beliefs, Addison and Steele explore a less recognized trait where nature (human nature as well as the chain of being) is much less dynamic and where education and the cultivation of taste are regarded as reprehensible unless they reproduce a predetermined order of nature. By occasionally calling attention to such a trait, Addison and Steele appear to wish to lend balance to the discourse on education and taste, and to reduce the risk implicit in a too radical cultivation of taste and nature, namely, the threat of a blurred concept of the chain of being and a certain indistinctness between diverse social groups.

INGEMAR OSCARSSON: En revolution i offentligheten: om lärda tidskrifter i Europa under
tidigmodern tid och om hur svensk vetenskap representerades i dem
| 93

A Revolution in the Public Sphere: Learned Periodicals in Early Modern Europe and their Representation of Swedish Scholarship

The birth and rapid progress of scientific periodicals during the closing decades of the seventeenth century was a process that entailed new challenges for scholars and had many implications for the relations between the republic of letters and society as a whole. From this point forward, stronger demands were placed upon scholars to publicly account for their findings, as well as to improve their ability to communicate their research to a general audience. Inherent in this process was the gradual development of a new genre, the modern scientific article, together with spin-off forms like reviews, summaries, and abstracts. In Sweden, the quarterly Acta literaria Sueciæ (Uppsala, 1720–1729) was pioneering in its ambition to give Swedish scholarship a more conspicuous place in the learned world than it had been bestowed in foreign journals. In this the Latin Acta did experience some success, but a more comprehensive breakthrough for Swedish learning in the European media came during the next few decades, reflecting the country’s prosperity in the natural sciences. Of vital importance for this breakthrough was, beginning in 1739, the quarterly Handlingar (written in the vernacular) of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which was extensively translated and reviewed abroad. In the francophone sphere, however, its reception lagged in comparison to what was the case in the German area, and in the renowned Journal des savants, the Swedish journal was practically disregarded for many years. Then, in the 1770s and 1780s, it unexpectedly became the subject of a rather intense series of reviews composed by French intermediaries who took pains to learn Swedish. The article concludes with several examples of their techniques for transmitting the contents of Handlingarthrough the use of summaries, paraphrases, and translations.

MARGARETA BJÖRKMAN: Aktrisens böcker: Beata Charlotta Ekermans bibliotek 1790
| 116

The Books of the Actress: Beata Charlotta Ekerman’s Library 1790

In this article I discuss a collection of books that belonged to Beata Charlotta (Charlotte) Ekerman (1758-1790), an actress at the Royal Theatre in Stockholm. Ekerman became the mistress of Prince Charles, brother of Gustav III. The prince dismissed her for another woman and she was suspected of infanticide and slander against the king. The governor of Stockholm, Carl Sparre, helped her to avoid the Spinning House, but she was exiled and lived in Paris between 1782 and 1786. In 1784 she travelled to Italy, where she had been invited by a Neapolitan duke. Thanks to Ekerman’s letters to Sparre it is possible to follow her journey from the papal court in Rome to the royal court at Naples. She spent her last years in Stockholm, now mistress of the Dutch ambassador and accused of espionage. The aim of this article is to study the interrelation between the owner and her books, on the basis of a list of Ekerman’s books included in the estate inventory drawn up after her death. A selection of these books is discussed with particular regard to language and genre. The collection, described in the inventory as consisting mainly of theatrical pieces and French novels, turns out to have had a wider range, thus revealing its owner’s ambition to transgress the stereotypical image of the eighteenth-century woman.

ANNA-MARIA RIMM: Böckernas vägar: den svenska bokhandelns import av utländska böcker
| 139

The Routes of the Books: Swedish Booksellers’ Import of Foreign Books 1750–1800

This study focuses on the import of books to Sweden between 1750 and 1800. The Swedish book trade in the eighteenth century involved mainly foreign books. The publication of books in Swedish was still limited – despite increasing steadily during the century – and was in no way able to satisfy the needs of Swedish scholars for learned and diverting works in their original language. The import of foreign books to Sweden seems to have been undertaken in various ways: with the help of individuals who brought books home with them from abroad, through the universities’ exchange of scholarly works with institutions overseas, and by means of the organized book trade. Several Swedish book sellers imported books from abroad during the latter part of the eighteenth century. In fact, Sweden had a substantial number of book shops compared with other European cities. In the 1781 European bookseller’s directory, the Almanach de la librairie, Stockholm shared fifth place (with The Hague) in a ranking of European cities with the largest number of book shops, placing higher than cities such as Berlin, Amsterdam, Madrid, and Rome. Importing books to Sweden was, however, a financially risky business and some of the importers went bankrupt because of it. The conditions of the trade also underwent marked developments during the period studied: originally, for example, imports largely took the form of exchanges. In conclusion, the article shows that more basic research and comprehensive empirical studies need to be undertaken to provide a fair picture of this hitherto largely unresearched trade.


JENNA M. GIBBS: Columbia the Goddess of Liberty and Slave-Trade Abolition (1807–
| 156

Columbia the Goddess of Liberty and Slave-Trade Abolition (1807–1820s)

Eighteenth-century American thespians, balladeers, and artists used performances of Columbia, an anthropomorphic metaphor for the body politic, to animate Enlightenment precepts of natural rights and liberty. Following the American Revolution, anti-slavery sympathizers staged Columbia as a symbol both of political liberty from Great Britain and of personal liberty in engravings, plays, and ballads that depicted her bequeathing freedom to Africans from the throne of her Temple. But in reaction to slave-trade abolition—Great Britain’s 1807 legislation and the United States’ ban in 1808—cultural producers began bifurcating constitutional from personal freedom in their iterations of Columbia. Anti-slavery advocates still used Columbia as an iconic syncretism of political and personal liberty to critique slavery. Others, however, threatened by the possibility of black freedom associated with slave-trade abolition, staged Columbia to represent political but not personal liberty. Thus, just as the slave-trade ban went into effect, Philadelphia’s New Theater performed Columbia in dances, songs, and allegorical set pieces that fêted political independence, but in which slaves were absent, an erasure that reinforced whiteness as the defining qualification for American citizenship. Postabolition performances of Columbia in her Temple of Liberty, constructed on rigidifying edifices of racial codification, banished blacks from the civic polity—a far cry from Enlightenment precepts of liberty and rights.

BARBRO KLEIN: Fantasy Flowers and Mysterious Cities: Winter Carl Hansson and Dalecarlian
Folk Art circa 1800
| 169

Fantasy Flowers and Mysterious Cities: Winter Carl Hansson and Dalecarlian Folk Art circa 1800

During the late eighteenth century, folk art developed in new and intriguing ways in several Scandinavian regions. This essay concentrates on the developments around Lake Siljan in Dalarna, primarily as they were expressed by Winter Carl Hansson, one of the most accomplished of the artists. In his renditions of biblical topics such as the Workers in the Vineyard and the Descent from the Cross, one may observe a skilful blending of reli gious mystery and mundane life, as well as complex contrasts between floral arrangements and imposing cities. Through his remarkable ability to enhance common features of Dalecarlian folk art, this unschooled artist communicates striking powers of presence. Ultimately, the new artistic energies – in works by Winter Carl and others – must be understood in light of the influence of the many printed texts and images that were then available. Thus, to the extent that a general breakthrough into new cultural and social concerns took place during the late eighteenth century, this is true also of folk art. Furthermore, the folk art that was shaped at this time had a profound impact in the twentieth century, when it came to signify the most appealing aspects of Sweden’s national cultural heritage.


LARS BURMAN: En studentfest år 1777: om maktspel, vältalighet och förlustelser i Uppsala
| 184

A Student Feast 1777: On Politics, Eloquence and Revelry in Uppsala

In 1777 new statutes were adopted at Östgöta nation, one of the mandatory student associations in Uppsala. In connection with this a lavish feast was arranged, which comprised both a dinner with invited university guests and an oration by one of the younger nation members. The orator was Carl Gustaf Leopold (1756–1829), who was later to become a member of the Swedish Academy. The article proposes that the festivities can be regarded as an attempt to further legitimize the nation organizations, and to make clear that the nations considered themselves as dependable and closely connected to the university. The consistory of the university hesitated to ratify the new statutes; the matter was not considered to be a question for the university. Östgöta nation, however, would later obtain a confirmation directly from the chancellor. The festivities were thus a symbolic manifestation and a method of persuasion. The goals and tactics can be inferred from the nation’s memoranda books, but also from Leopold’s oration. The article contains a rhetorical analysis of his argumentation. A facetious poem by the young docent Eric Michael Fant (1754–1817), who depicted the event and the ensuing revelries, throws light on the occasion. A complete transcription of the manuscript is included.

ANNE-MARIE MAI: Historien som scene hos Ludvig Holberg og Charlotta Dorothea Biehl | 197

History as a Scene in Ludvig Holberg and Charlotta Dorothea Biehl

Ludvig Holberg (1684–1754) and Charlotta Dorothea Biehl (1731–1788) are two key figures of the Nordic Enlightenment. The Norwegian Holberg took his philosophical and theological degrees from the University of Copenhagen at an early age and travelled around Europe accumulating knowledge for his historical writings. Holberg made a splendid career at the University of Copenhagen both as a professor and vice-chancellor and published historical works, satires, comedies, essays, fables, and autobiographical letters. As a woman, Biehl was barred from university education and public office. Her world was confined to her childhood home, and she never had the opportunity to travel. In return, she immersed herself in studies of language and theatre, reading with great enthusiasm Holberg’s writings. She became a comedy writer and a novelist, and also wrote historical works and historical letters. The paper discusses how Biehl and Holberg made performing arts and historiography inspire each other. History is in their depictions not only a royal chronology, but a vivid narrative. Holberg’s and Biehl’s approaches to historical study drew on different traditions: Holberg was influenced by ancient historiography while Biehl was inspired by the French chronicle; therefore, their historical writings have very different contents and designs.

MARIANNE TRÅVÉN: Mozarts musikaliska retorik: en studie av musikaliskt avbildande element
i Mozarts operor
| 209

Mozart’s Musical Rhetoric: A Study in Musical Portraying Elements in the Operas of Mozart

This article investigates and describes the components of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s musical rhetoric as they are visible in his operas from Zaide (1780) toDie Zauberflöte (1791). The relationship between verbal text and musical text is in these operas especially intimate, and Mozart used the musical text to illustrate, paint and comment the verbal text. Mozart’s views on the compositional process, visible in his letters, rested on the notion that music should portray the characters, emotional content and action of the play, all within the harmonic laws of the time. To achieve that he used a combination of traditional musical rhetoric figures, conventions understood by his contemporaries, paralinguistic elements such as emotional prosody, and extralinguistic elements such as musical gesture, to portray actions and objects as well as concepts.

ANDREAS ÖNNERFORS: Ordre de la Resemblance: ett bidrag till Nordenflychtforskningen
| 226

Ordre de la Resemblance: A Contribution to the Nordenflycht Research

This article treats an episode in the life and work of one of the most prominent Swedish female poets of the eighteenth century, Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht (1718–1763). Based upon a letter to one of her friends, earlier research has speculated on whether Nordenflycht established a fraternal order. New archival evidence suggests that this indeed seems likely. In the collections of the Swedish Order of Freemasons a manuscript has resurfaced after a 150-year hibernation, outlining ‘Grund och Reglor til Ordre de la Resemblance’ (Foundations and rules for the order of resemblance). This document, dated 15 October 1747, is introduced by a poem, ‘Förstånds och Hjertas ädlaste syssla’ (The most noble activity of reason and the heart), treating the moral perfectibility of man, the search for the light of truth, and hailing friendship as a secret force of attraction, an invisible magnetic power causing ‘resemblance’ between humans. Developed out of these motifs, twelve subsequent paragraphs elaborate the ideology and organization of the order, resembling other forms of organized sociability of the time. Whoever drew up these rules and regulations must have been familiar with similar forms of fraternal orders during the period as well as the idea of female participation. A shared codex of moral behavior, a motto, an emblem, and organizational principles for membership and association were codified. In 1753 Nordenflycht joined an outspokenly literary order, the Order of the Edification of Thought (Tankebyggarorden), and it appears likely that either the experience or the mere concept of the ‘Ordre de la Resemblance’ facilitated Nordenflycht’s membership. This concept, if it was realized, might have advanced the creation of a horizontal network-style community intended to participate in male spheres of dominance. The ‘Ordre’ can be interpreted as an extended textual praxis in which a text was performed in social interplay beyond its textual qualities. Interpreted from the perspective of theories of performance, the ‘Ordre’ reflects a development towards the renegotiation, redefinition, and reform of manners during the time catalyzed by organized associational life and ritual performance.


MIKHAIL LJUSTROV: Swedish Historical Works in Eighteenth-Century Russian Translations: A
| 246

MARGARETA BJÖRKMAN: Bo Bennich-Björkman 1926–2010 | 252

LILI-ANNÈ ALDMAN, En merkantilistisk början: Stockholms textila import 1720–1738, anm. av Magnus Bohman | 253

MAGNUS BOHMAN, Bonden, bygden och bördigheten: produktionsmönster och utvecklingsvägar under jordbruksomvandlingen i Skåne ca 1700–1870, anm. av Thomas Kaiserfeld | 255

ANNA GUSTAFSSON, Pamfletter!: en diskursiv praktik och dess strategier i tidig svensk politisk offentlighet, anm. av Annie Mattsson | 256

HELENA HAGELIN, Kvinnovärldar och barnamord: makt, ansvar och gemenskap i rättsprotokoll ca 1700–1840, anm. av Marie Lindstedt Cronberg | 258

JOHANNA ILMAKUNNAS, Kartanot, kapiot, rykmentit: erään aatelissuvun elämäntapa 1700-luvun Ruotsissa, anm. av Marjatta Rahikainen | 262

TRUDE KOLDERUP, Le goût de l’inachèvement: esthétique et narration dans l’oeuvre de Marivaux, anm. av Sven Åke Heed | 267

SOFIA KOTILAINEN, Suvun nimissä: nimenannon käytännöt Sisä-Suomessa 1700-luvun alusta 1950-luvulle, anm. av Kari-Matti Piilahti | 268

ANNIE MATTSSON, Komediant och riksförrädare: handskriftcirkulerade smädeskrifter mot Gustaf III, anm. av Andreas Hellerstedt | 272

LEA NISKANEN, Boktryckarna i Åbo 1750–1828: en bokhistorisk studie genom ett yrke, anm. av Gunnel Furuland | 274

CAROLA NORDBÄCK, Lycksalighetens källa: kontextuella närläsningar av Anders Chydenius
budordspredikningar 1781–82
, anm. av Ann Öhrberg | 275

JOUKO NURMIAINEN, Edistys ja yhteinen hyvä vapaudenajan ruotsalaisessa poliittisessa kielessä, anm. av Jani Marjanen | 279

KARI-MATTI PIILAHTI, Aineellista ja aineetonta turvaa: ruokakunnat, ekologis-taloudelliset resurssit ja kontaktinmuodostus Valkealassa 1630–1750, anm. av Juha-Matti Granqvist | 282

PERNILLA RASMUSSEN, Skräddaren, sömmerskan och modet: arbetsmetoder och arbetsdelning i tillverkningen av kvinnlig dräkt 1770–1830, anm. av Helen Persson | 284

LOUISE SEBRO, Mellem afrikaner og kreol: etnisk identitet og social navigation i Dansk Vestindien 1730–1770, anm. av Allan Sortkær | 287

HELENA STRÖMQUIST, ”Med coleurt omslag”: färgade, dekorerade och tryckta pappersomslag på svensk bokmarknad 1787–1846, anm. av Anna-Maria Rimm | 288

JANNE TUNTURI, Romanssien ja runouden aikakausi: Thomas Warton keskiaikaa määrittelemässä 1750–1790, anm. av Henrik Knif | 290

GÖRAN ANDERBERG, Frimuraren Gustaf III: bakgrund, visioner, konspirationer, traditioner, anm. av Marcus Willén | 295

ANDERS BJÖRNSSON, Palatset som Finland räddade, anm. av Anna Ingemark Milos | 296

CHRISTOPHE CAVE (red.), Le Règne de la critique, L’imaginaire culturel des Mémoires secrets, anm. av Sven Björkman | 298

KRISTINA EKERO ERIKSSON, Årstafruns dolda dagböcker, anm. av Christina Sjöblad | 304

MARIE-THERES FEDERHOFER & HANNA HODACS (red.), Mellom pasjon og profesjonalisme:
dilettantkulturer i skandinavisk kunst og vitenskap
, anm. av Gunnar Broberg | 306

KRISTINA FJELKESTAM, Det sublimas politik: emancipatorisk estetik i 1800-talets konstnärsromaner, anm. av Anna Cabak Rédei | 307

SVEN FRITZ, Jennings & Finlay på marknaden för öregrundsjärn och besläktade studier i frihetstida storföretagande och storfinans, anm. av Lili-Annè Aldman | 314

ESBJÖRN FUNCK, Några idéer och tänkesätt på Carl Carlesons väg genom den tidiga frihetstiden, anm. av Nils Eriksson | 316

LARS-ÅKE GÖTESSON, Resa med förhinder: om Linnélärjungen Daniel Solanders vistelse i Skåne 1759–1760 och hans fortsatta öden, anm. av Gunnar Broberg | 318

ERKKI-SAKARI HARJU & JUSSI T. LAPPALAINEN (red.), Kuninkaan tiekartasto Suomesta 1790, anm. av Mikko Huhtamies | 319

MARIUS WARHOLM HAUGEN & KNUT OVE ELIASSEN (eds.), Dévier & divertir: literature et pensée du XVIIIe siècle, anm. av Adrian Velicu | 321

HENRIK KNIF, Leva och låta leva i gamla Europa: Saint-Évremond – Metastasio – Fredenheim och Oxenstierna, anm. av Peter Lind | 323

JOUNI KUURNE, Louhisaaren linnan talousreseptit (n. 1770–1850), anm. av Sofia Gustafsson |

KJELL LEKEBY (red.), Gustaf Adolf Reuterholms hemliga arkiv från 1780-talet & KJELL
LEKEBY (red.), Esoterica i Svenska Frimurare Ordens arkiv 1776–1803, anm. av Marcus
Willén | 326

ANNA LENA LINDBERG, En mamsell i akademien: Ulrica Fredrica Pasch och 1700-talets konstvärld, anm. av Sonya Petersson | 328

Sophia Elisabet Brenner och hennes tid
, anm. av Inge Jonsson | 333

JONAS NORDIN, Frihetstidens monarki: konungamakt och offentlighet i 1700-talets Sverige, anm. av Anna-Brita Lövgren | 338

JESSICA PARLAND-VON ESSEN, Affärer, allianser, anseende: konsten att tillhöra eliten i Helsingfors ca 1740–1820, anm. av Ulla Ijäs | 342

PER-OLA RÄF, Fårkonsulenter på 1700-talet: biografisk matrikel över eleverna vid Jonas Alströmers Schäferskola på Höjentorp och i Alingsås, anm. av Gunnar Broberg | 344

JESPER SWEDBERG, Swensk Ordabok, anm. av Jon Helgason | 344

EIVIND TJØNNELAND (red.), Opplysningens tidsskrifter: norske og danske periodiske publikasjoner på 1700-tallet, anm. av Anne Beate Maurseth | 347

PETER ULLGREN, Hemligheternas brödraskap: om de svenska frimurarnas historia, anm. av Marcus Willén | 349